a battle or campaign so brutal, so costly, so protracted and (almost always) so barren of any war-winning strategic consequences even for the ?victor?, that it came to epitomize all the waste, slaughter, … Although it may have forestalled a possible German attack on the French, Passchendaele, with enormous loss of life, achieved none of its main objectives. Updates? There were an estimated 325,000 allied casualties during the Battle of Passchendaele, with a further 260,000 German casualties making it one of the bloodiest battles of the First World War. In addition, according to the head of Haig’s intelligence staff, “Careful investigation of the records of more than eighty years showed that in Flanders the weather broke early each August with the regularity of the Indian monsoon: once the autumn rains set in the difficulties would be greatly enhanced.” None of these facts was disclosed by Haig to the war cabinet when he went to London late in June to secure its approval of his plans. Passchendaele, or officially, the Third Battle of Ypres, has been reassessed by Nick Lloyd, Nick Lloyd, Reader in Military and Imperial History at King’s College, who is also based at the Siegfried Sassoon recorded Passchendaele in his poem Memorial Tablet, when he … Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. C.E.W. On August 4 Charteris noted in his diary, “Every brook is swollen and the ground is a quagmire. On November 6, however, Canadian troops advanced the few hundred yards necessary to occupy the site of what had been the village of Passchendaele (northeast of Ypres, about 5 miles [8 km] from the nearest front on the salient when the offensive had begun on July 31). Ground was taken but it could not be held. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It was a vital victory. The some 100,000 members of the Canadian Corps who took part in the battle were among the over 650,000 men and women from our country who served in uniform during the First World War. The result, together with the better organization of the attack, helped to revive the spirits of the attacking troops. Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions. That month, Australian and New Zealand (ANZAC) divisions were thrown into the fight alongside the worn-out British forces, but the result was the same: the Allies would bombard, assault, and occupy a section of enemy ground only to be thrown back by the counterattacking Germans. An effective creeping artillery barrage won the ground; the infantry merely occupied it. There was cause to doubt this, as well as the possibility of a rapid advance even by the infantry. Under almost continuous rain and shellfire, troops huddled in waterlogged shell holes or became lost on the blasted mudscape, unable to locate the front line that separated Canadian positions from German ones. Miliary Historian Dr. Reginald R. H. Roy joined the teaching staff at Victoria College as an instructor in the History Department in 1959, and by 1970 he became a full professor with tenure. The method of attack had come to be questioned even at GHQ itself: a paper on the question led Gen. Henry Rawlinson to submit an appreciation in which he pointed out that “the British command had never yet attempted to conduct a wearing-down battle with planned, logical methods, but had relied too much on its belief that a breakdown of the German Army’s morale was within sight.” Haig was not impressed by these views, but his decision to extend Plumer’s role fulfilled them indirectly. 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